Census Bureau Research Maps the Roots of Social Mobility; Mapping Interface Provides Neighborhood-Level Information on Children's Outcomes
The U.S. Census Bureau, in collaboration with Raj Chetty and Nathan Hendren from Harvard University and John Friedman from Brown University, released new research and a mapping interface that looks at children's outcomes in adulthood. The Opportunity Atlas estimates children's earnings distributions, incarceration rates, and other outcomes in adulthood by parental income, race and gender for every census tract in the United States. Users can view data, overlay their own data points of interest, and export into a data set for analysis.
See America Counts: Stories Behind the Numbers and Research Matters for more information and related links.
The Bureau constructed the Opportunity Atlas, a comprehensive Census tract-level dataset of children's outcomes in adulthood using data covering nearly the entire U.S. population. For each tract, the Bureau estimated children's outcomes in adulthood such as earnings distributions and incarceration rates by parental income, race, and gender. These estimates allow the Bureau to trace the roots of outcomes such as poverty and incarceration to the neighborhoods in which children grew up.
To build the Atlas, the Bureau used de-identified data from the 2000 and 2010 decennial Censuses linked to data from Federal income tax returns and the 2005-2015 American Community Surveys (ACS) to obtain information on income, parental characteristics, children's neighborhoods, and other variables. It focused on children born between 1978-1983, including those born in the U.S. and authorized childhood immigrants. The data include the characteristics of 20 million children, approximately 94% of all children born during the time period.