DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Employment and Training Administration
Workforce Investment Act; Lower Living Standard Income Level
AGENCY: Employment and Training Administration, Labor.
ACTION: Notice of determination of Lower Living Standard Income Level
SUMMARY: Under Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (Pub.L.105-220) (WIA), the Secretary of Labor annually determines the Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) for uses described in the Law. WIA defines the term "Low Income Individual" as one who qualifies under various criteria, including an individual who received income for a six-month period that does not exceed the higher of the poverty line or 70 percent of the LLSIL. This issuance provides the Secretary's annual LLSIL for 2006 and references the current 2006 Health and Human Services "Poverty Guidelines."
EFFECTIVE DATE: This notice is effective on date of publication in the Federal Register.
ADDRESSES: Send written comments to: Mr. Haskel Lowery, Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Room N-4464, Washington, DC 20210.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Haskel Lowery, Telephone (202) 693-3608; Fax (202) 693-3532 (these are not toll free numbers).
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: It is the purpose of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) "to provide workforce investment activities, through statewide and local workforce investment systems, that increase the employment, retention, and earnings of participants, and increase occupational skill attainment by participants, and, as a result, improve the quality of the workforce, reduce welfare dependency, and enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the Nation."
The LLSIL is used for several purposes under WIA: specifically, WIA Section 101(25) defines the term "low income individual" for eligibility purposes, Sections 127(b)(2)(C) and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV) define the terms "disadvantaged youth," and "disadvantaged adult" in terms of the poverty line or LLSIL for state formula allotments. The governor and state/local workforce investment boards use the LLSIL for determining eligibility for youth, eligibility for employed adult workers for certain services, and for the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC). We encourage the governors and state/local workforce investment boards to consult WIA, its regulations, and the preamble to the WIA Final Rule (published at 65 FR 49294 (August 11, 2000)) for more specific guidance in applying the LLSIL to program requirements. The Department of Health and Human Services published the annual 2006 update of the poverty-level guidelines in the Federal Register at 71 FR 3848-3849, (Jan. 24, 2006). The Health and Human Services (HHS) 2006 Poverty guidelines may also be found on the Internet at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/06fedreg.htm. ETA plans to have the 2006 LLSIL available on its Web site at: [https://www.doleta.gov/llsil/].
WIA Section 101(24) defines the LLSIL as "that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban and rural differences, and family size) determined annually by the Secretary [of Labor] based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary." The most recent lower living family budget was issued by the Secretary of Labor in the fall of 1981. The four-person urban family budget estimates, previously published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provided the basis for the Secretary to determine the LLSIL. BLS terminated the four-person family budget series in 1982, after publication of the fall 1981 estimates. Currently BLS provides data to ETA, from which it develops the LLSIL tables.
ETA published the 2005 updates to the LLSIL in the Federal Register of May 11, 2005, at 70 FR 24841. This notice again updates the LLSIL to reflect cost of living increases for 2005, by applying the percentage change in the December 2005 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), compared with the December 2004, CPI-U, to each of the May 11, 2005 LLSIL figures. Those updated figures for a family-of -four are listed in Table 1 below by region for both metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. Figures in all of the accompanying tables are rounded up to the nearest tenth. Since "low income individual," "disadvantaged adult," and "disadvantaged youth" may be determined by family income at 70 percent of the LLSIL, pursuant to WIA Sections 101(25), 127(b)(2)(C), and 132(b)(1)(B)(v)(IV), respectively, those figures are listed below as well.